Sunday, June 23, 2013

0104237 (Michael Grady)

Quantum Mechanics, Quantum Gravity, and Approximate Lorentz Invariance
from a Classical Phase-Boundary Universe

Michael Grady
A classical dynamical system in a four-dimensional Euclidean space with universal time is considered. The space is hypothesized to be originally occupied by a uniform substance, pictured as a liquid, which at some time became supercooled. Our universe began as a nucleation event initiating a liquid to solid transition. The universe we inhabit and are directly aware of consists of only the three-dimensional expanding phase boundary - a crystalline surface. Random energy transfers to the boundary from thermal fluctuations in the adjacent bulk phases are interpreted by us as quantum fluctuations, and give a physical realization to the stochastic quantization technique. Fermionic matter is modeled as screw dislocations; gauge bosons as surface acoustic waves. Minkowski space emerges dynamically through redefining local time to be proportional to the spatial coordinate perpendicular to the boundary. Lorentz invariance is only approximate, and the photon spectrum (now a phonon spectrum) has a maximum energy. Other features include a geometrical quantum gravitational theory based on elasticity theory, and a simple explanation of the quantum measurement process as a spontaneous symmetry breaking. Present, past and future are physically distinct regions, the present being a unique surface where our universe is being continually constructed.
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