Tuesday, July 9, 2013

1307.2211 (Guang Hao Low et al.)

Optimal arbitrarily accurate composite pulse sequences    [PDF]

Guang Hao Low, Theodore J. Yoder, Isaac L. Chuang
Implementing a single qubit unitary is often hampered by imperfect control. Systematic amplitude errors $\epsilon$, caused by incorrect duration or strength of a pulse, are an especially common problem. But a sequence of imperfect pulses can provide a better implementation of a desired operation, as compared to a single primitive pulse. We find optimal pulse sequences consisting of $L$ primitive $\pi$ or $2\pi$ rotations that suppress such errors to arbitrary order $\mathcal{O}(\epsilon^{n})$ on arbitrary initial states. Optimality is demonstrated by proving an $L=\mathcal{O}(n)$ lower bound and saturating it with $L=2n$ solutions. Closed-form solutions for arbitrary rotation angles are given for $n=1,2,3,4$. Perturbative solutions for any $n$ are proven for small angles, while arbitrary angle solutions are obtained numerically by analytic continuation up to $n=9$. Robustness against other uncorrected sources of error is also demonstrated. The derivation proceeds by a novel algebraic and non-recursive approach, in which finding amplitude error correcting sequences can be reduced to solving polynomial equations.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1307.2211

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