Tuesday, July 23, 2013

1307.5472 (Gor A. Abovyan et al.)

Visualization of superposition states and Raman processes with
two-dimensional atomic deflection

Gor A. Abovyan, Gagik P. Djotyan, Gagik Yu. Kryuchkyan
Deflection of atoms in \Lambda-type configuration passing through two crossed standing light waves is proposed for probing and visualization of atomic superposition states. For this goal, we use both the large-dispersive and Raman-resonant regimes of atom-field interaction giving rise to a position-dependent phase shifts of fields and perform double simultaneous spatial measurements on an atom. In this way, it is demonstrated that the deflection spatial patterns of atoms in \Lambda-configuration passing through modes of standing waves are essentially modified if the atoms are initially prepared in a coherent superposition of its low levels states as well as when the superposition states are created during the process of deflection. The similar results take place for the joint momentum distribution of atoms. Further, considering both one-photon and two-photon excitation regimes of \Lambda-atoms we also illustrate that the two-dimensional patterns of defected atoms qualitatively reflects the efficiency of the Raman processes.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1307.5472

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