Wednesday, July 31, 2013

1307.7939 (Harald Herrmann et al.)

Post-selection free, integrated optical source of non-degenerate,
polarization entangled photon pairs

Harald Herrmann, Xu Yang, Abu Thomas, Andreas Poppe, Wolfgang Sohler, Christine Silberhorn
We present an integrated source of polarization entangled photon pairs in the telecom regime, which is based on type II-phasematched parametric down-conversion (PDC) in a Ti-indiffused waveguide in periodically poled lithium niobate. The domain grating -- consisting of an interlaced bi-periodic structure -- is engineered to provide simultaneous phase-matching of two PDC processes, and enables the direct generation of non-degenerate, polarization entangled photon pairs with a brightness of $B=7\times10^3$ pairs/(s mW GHz). The spatial separation of the photon pairs is accomplished by a fiber-optical multiplexer facilitating a high compactness of the overall source. Visibilities exceeding 95% and a violation of the Bell inequality with $S=2.57\pm0.06$ could be demonstrated.
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