Friday, June 21, 2013

1306.4771 (Isaac H. Kim)

An entropic topological invariant for a gapped one-dimensional system    [PDF]

Isaac H. Kim
We propose an order parameter for a general one-dimensional gapped system with an open boundary condition. The order parameter can be computed from the ground state entanglement entropy of some regions near one of the boundaries. Hence, it is well-defined even in the presence of arbitrary interaction and disorder. We also show that it is invariant under a finite-depth local quantum circuit, suggesting its stability against an arbitrary local perturbation that does not close the energy gap. Further, it can unambiguously distinguish Majorana chain from a trivial chain under a global fermion parity conservation. We argue that the order parameter can be in principle measured in an optical lattice system.
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