Tuesday, June 25, 2013

1306.5711 (Yirun Arthur Lee et al.)

Entanglement negativity and topological order    [PDF]

Yirun Arthur Lee, Guifre Vidal
We use the entanglement negativity, a measure of entanglement for mixed states, to probe the structure of entanglement in the ground state of a topologically ordered system. Through analytical calculations of the negativity in the ground state(s) of the toric code model, we explicitly show that the entanglement of a region $A$ and its complement $B$ is the sum of two types of contributions. The first type of contributions consists of \textit{boundary entanglement}, which we see to be insensitive to tracing out the interior of $A$ and $B$. It therefore entangles only degrees of freedom in $A$ and $B$ that are close to their common boundary. As it is well-known, each boundary contribution is proportional to the size of the relevant boundary separating $A$ and $B$ and it includes an additive, universal correction. The second contribution appears only when $A$ and $B$ are non-contractible regions (e.g. on a torus) and it consists of long-range entanglement, which we see to be destroyed when tracing out a non-contractible region in the interior of $A$ or $B$. Only the long-range contribution to the entanglement may depend on the specific ground state under consideration.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1306.5711

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