Thursday, June 27, 2013

1306.6134 (Zhiyuan Tang et al.)

Experimental Demonstration of Polarization Encoding
Measurement-Device-Independent Quantum Key Distribution

Zhiyuan Tang, Zhongfa Liao, Feihu Xu, Bing Qi, Li Qian, Hoi-Kwong Lo
We demonstrate the first implementation of polarization encoding measurement-device-independent quantum key distribution (MDI-QKD), which is immune to all detector side-channel attacks. Active phase randomization of each individual pulse is implemented to protect against attacks on imperfect sources. By optimizing the parameters in the decoy state protocol, we show that it is feasible to implement polarization encoding MDI-QKD over large optical fiber distances. A 1600-bit secure key is generated between two parties separated by 10 km of telecom fibers. Our work suggests the possibility of building a MDI-QKD network, in which complicated and expensive detection system is placed in a central node and users connected to it can perform confidential communication by preparing polarization qubits with compact and low-cost equipment. Since MDI-QKD is highly compatible with the quantum network, our work brings the realization of quantum internet one step closer.
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