Wednesday, July 3, 2013

1307.0311 (V. Subrahmanyam)

Block entropy for Kitaev-type spin chains in a transverse field    [PDF]

V. Subrahmanyam
Block entanglement entropy in the ground state of a quantum spin chain is investigated. The spins have Kitaev-type nearest-neighbor interaction, of strength J_x or J_y, through either x or y components of the spins on alternating bonds, along with a transverse magnetic field h. An exact solution is obtained through Jordan-Wigner fermionization, and it exhibits a macroscopically degenerate ground state for h=0, and a non-degenerate ground state for nonzero h and for all interaction strengths. For a chain of N spins, we study the block entropy of a partition of L contiguous spins. The block entanglement entropy needs the eigenvalues of the 2^L-dimensional reduced density matrix. We employ an efficient method that reduces this problem to evaluating eigenvalues of a L-dimensional matrix, which enables us to calculate easily the block entanglement for large-N chains numerically. The entanglement entropy grows as log L, at the degeneracy point h=0, and only for J_x=J_y. For nonzero magnetic field, the entropy becomes independent of the size, thus obeying the area law. For unequal J_x and J_y, the block entropy shows an unexpected non-monotonic behavior for LView original:

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