Friday, July 19, 2013

1307.4498 (Chad A. Husko et al.)

Multi-photon absorption limits to heralded single photon sources    [PDF]

Chad A. Husko, Alex S. Clark, Matthew J. Collins, Alfredo De Rossi, Sylvain Combrie, Gaelle Lehoucq, Isabella H. Rey, Thomas F. Krauss, Chunle Xiong, Benjamin J. Eggleton
Single photons are of paramount importance to future quantum technologies, including quantum communication and computation. Nonlinear photonic devices using parametric processes o?er a straightforward route to generating photons, however additional nonlinear processes may come into play and interfere with these sources. Here we analyse these sources in the presence of multi-photon processes for the ?first time. We conduct experiments in silicon and gallium indium phosphide photonic crystal waveguides which display inherently di?fferent nonlinear absorption processes, namely two-photon (TPA) and three-photon absorption (ThPA), respectively. We develop a novel model capturing these diverse eff?ects which is in excellent quantitative agreement with measurements of brightness, coincidence-to-accidental ratio (CAR) and second-order correlation function g(2)(0), showing that TPA imposes an intrinsic limit on heralded single photon sources. We devise a new ?gure of merit, the quantum utility (QMU), enabling direct comparison and optimisation of single photon sources.
View original:

No comments:

Post a Comment