Friday, July 19, 2013

1307.4978 (Amlan K. Roy)

Accurate ro-vibrational spectroscopy of diatomic molecules in a Morse
oscillator potential

Amlan K. Roy
This work presents the bound-state spectra of Morse oscillator, which remains one of the oldest important model potentials for molecules. Accurate ro-vibrational energies are obtained by means of a generalized pseudospectral method that offers an optimal, non-uniform discretization of the radial grid. Both s-wave ($\ell=0$) and rotational ($\ell \neq 0$) states for low and high quantum numbers are calculated for four representative diatomic molecules, namely H$_2$, LiH, HCl and CO. First nine states belonging to a maximum of $n, \ell =2$ are computed with good accuracy, along with nine other high-lying states for each of these molecules. Present results \emph{surpass} the accuracy of \emph{all} hitherto published calculations found so far, except the tridiagonal J-matrix method, which produces similar accuracy as ours. Detailed variation of energies with respect to state indices $n,\ell$ show interesting behavior. A host of new states including the higher ones are reported as well. This offers a simple general efficient scheme for calculating these and other similar potentials in molecular physics.
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