Monday, July 29, 2013

1307.7053 (Tzyh Haur Yang et al.)

Opening the black box: how to estimate physical properties from
non-local correlations

Tzyh Haur Yang, Tamás Vértesi, Jean-Daniel Bancal, Valerio Scarani, Miguel Navascués
In the device-independent approach to quantum information theory, quantum systems are regarded as black boxes which, given an input (the measurement setting), return an output (the measurement result). In this paper, we develop SWAP, a theoretical concept which, in combination with known numerical methods for the characterization of quantum correlations, allows us to estimate general properties of the underlying state and quantum measurements from the observed measurement statistics. As an illustration of the power of our new approach, we provide a robust bound on the state fidelity for the CHSH scenario: a CHSH violation larger than 2.57 gives a fidelity of more than 70% between the black box quantum state and the singlet. Also, we prove that maximal violation of CGLMP must be non maximally entangled, and robustly self test quantum states in the CGLMP scenario for which Jordan's Lemma cannot be used. Furthermore, this SWAP method can also be extended to estimate in a robust manner the amount of extractable work in CHSH-violating systems, providing a link between thermodynamics and nonlocality. Lastly we also certify entangling measurements in tripartite non-locality scenarios.
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