Tuesday, June 19, 2012

1206.3673 (Roohollah Ghobadi et al.)

Demonstrating macroscopic entanglement based on Kerr non-linearities
requires extreme phase resolution

Roohollah Ghobadi, Sadegh Raeisi, Christoph Simon
Entangled coherent states, which can in principle be created using strong Kerr non-linearities, allow the violation of Bell inequalities for very coarse-grained measurements. This seems to contradict a recent conjecture that observing quantum effects in macroscopic systems generally requires very precise measurements. However, here we show that both the creation of the required states and the required measurements rely on being able to control the phase of the necessary Kerr-nonlinearity based unitary operations with extreme precision. This lends support to the idea that there is a general principle that makes macroscopic quantum effects difficult to observe, even in the absence of decoherence.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1206.3673

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