Thursday, March 21, 2013

1303.4815 (Yao Yao et al.)

Quantum discord of ensemble of quantum states    [PDF]

Yao Yao, Jing-Zheng Huang, Xu-Bo Zou, Zhen-Qiang Yin, Wei Chen, Guang-Can Guo, Zheng-Fu Han
We highlight an information-theoretic meaning of quantum discord as the gap between the ac- cessible information and the Holevo bound in the framework of ensemble of quantum states. This complementary relationship implies that a large amount of pre-existing arguments about the evaluation of quantum discord can be directly applied to the accessible information and vice versa. For an ensemble of two pure qubit states, we show that one can evade the optimization problem with the help of the Koashi-Winter relation. Further, for the general case (two mixed qubit states), we recover the main results presented by Fuchs and Caves [Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3047 (1994)], but totally from the perspective of quantum discord. Following this line of thought, we also investigate the geometric discord as an indicator of quantumness of ensembles in detail. Finally, we give an example to elucidate the difference between quantum discord and geometric discord with respect to optimal measurement strategies.
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