Wednesday, July 10, 2013

1307.2248 (Alex Hayat et al.)

Cooper-pair based photon entanglement without isolated emitters    [PDF]

Alex Hayat, Hae-Young Kee, Kenneth S. Burch, Aephraim M. Steinberg
We propose a novel approach for efficient generation of entangled photons, based on Cooper-pair luminescence in semiconductors, which does not require isolated emitters such as single atoms or quantum dots. We show that in bulk materials, electron-spin entanglement in Cooper pairs should not be expected to be translated into pure entangled photons despite the selection rules, due to mixing introduced by light-hole heavy-hole degeneracy. Semiconductor quantum wells, however, remove this degeneracy, allowing efficient photon entanglement generation in simple electrically-driven structures, taking advantage of the superconducting macroscopic coherence. The second-order decay of two-electron states in Cooper-pair luminescence leaves no which-path information, resulting in perfect coherence between two pathways and hence in principle, perfect entanglement. We calculate the purity of the entangled-photon state and find that it increases for larger light-hole heavy-hole energy splitting and for lower temperatures. These results provide new insights into light-matter interaction in solids and enable realization of novel quantum photonics based on matter condensates.
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