Thursday, July 11, 2013

1307.2864 (Mario G. Silveirinha)

Theory of Quantum Friction    [PDF]

Mario G. Silveirinha
Here, we develop a comprehensive fully quantum theory for the phenomenon of quantum friction. Based on a recently developed theory of macroscopic quantum electrodynamics for unstable systems, we calculate the quantum expectation of the friction force, and link the friction effect to the emergence of system instabilities related to the Cherenkov effect. These instabilities may occur due to the hybridization of particular guided modes supported by the individual moving bodies, and selection rules for the interacting guided modes are derived. It is proven that the quantum friction effect can take place even when the interacting bodies are lossless and made of nondispersive dielectrics.
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