Wednesday, July 24, 2013

1307.6057 (Falk Töppel et al.)

Goos-Hänchen and Imbert-Fedorov shifts from a quantum-mechanical

Falk Töppel, Marco Ornigotti, Andrea Aiello
We study the classical optics effects known as Goos-H\"anchen (GH) and Imbert-Fedorov (IF) shifts, occurring when reflecting a bounded light beam from a planar surface, by using a quantum-mechanical formalism. This new approach allows us to naturally separate the spatial shift into two parts, one independent on orbital angular momentum (OAM) and the other one showing OAM-induced spatial-vs-angular shift mixing. In addition, within this quantum-mechanical-like formalism, it becomes apparent that the angular shift is proportional to the beams angular spread, namely to the variance of the transverse components of the wave vector. Moreover, we extent our treatment to the enhancement of beam shifts via weak measurements and relate our results to recent experiments.
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