Wednesday, June 19, 2013

0912.3912 (Hector J. Garcia et al.)

High-performance Energy Minimization with Applications to Adiabatic
Quantum Computing

Hector J. Garcia, Igor L. Markov
Energy minimization of Ising spin-glasses has played a central role in statistical and solid-state physics, facilitating studies of phase transitions and magnetism. Recent proposals suggest using Ising spin-glasses for non-traditional computing as a way to harness the nature's ability to find min-energy configurations, and to take advantage of quantum tunneling to boost combinatorial optimization. Laboratory demonstrations have been unconvincing so far and lack a non-quantum baseline for definitive comparisons. In this work we (i) design and evaluate new computational techniques to simulate natural energy minimization in spin glasses and (ii) explore their application to study design alternatives in quantum adiabatic computers. Unlike previous work, our algorithms are not limited to planar Ising topologies. In one CPU-day, our branch-and-bound algorithm finds ground states on 100 spins, while our local search approximates ground states on 1, 000, 000 spins. We use this computational tool as a simulator to study the significance of hyper-couplings in the context of recently implemented adiabatic quantum computers.
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