Wednesday, June 26, 2013

1306.6061 (Fabio Grazioso et al.)

Photon-Number-Splitting-attack resistant Quantum Key Distribution
Protocols without sifting

Fabio Grazioso, Frédéric Grosshans
We propose a family of sifting-less quantum-key-distribution protocols which use reverse-reconciliation, and are based on weak coherent pulses (WCPs) polarized along m different directions. When m=4, the physical part of the protocol is identical to most experimental implementations of BB84 and SARG04 protocols and they differ only in classical communications and data processing. We compute their total keyrate as function of the channel transmission T, using general information theoretical arguments and we show that they have a higher keyrate than the more standard protocols, both for fixed and optimized average photon number of the WCPs. When no decoy-state protocols (DSPs) are applied, the scaling of the keyrate with transmission is improved from T2 for BB84 to T^(1+1/(m-2)). If a DSP is applied, we show how the keyrates scale linearly with T, with an improvement of the prefactor by 75.96 % for m=4. High values of $ m $ allow to asymptotically approach the keyrate obtained with ideal single photon pulses. The fact that the keyrates of these sifting-less protocols are higher compared to those of the aforementioned more standard protocols show that the latter are not optimal, since they do not extract all the available secret key from the experimental correlations.
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