Monday, July 22, 2013

1307.5187 (Alexej I. Streltsov)

Quantum systems of ultra-cold bosons with customized inter-particle

Alexej I. Streltsov
Recent progress in cooling and trapping of polarized clouds of chromium $^{52}Cr$, dysprosium $^{164}Dy$ and erbium $^{168}Er$ opens a road-map to quantum systems where shapes of inter-particle interactions can be customized. The main purpose of this work is to get a deeper insight on a role which the overall shape of the inter-particle interaction plays in a context of trapped ultra-cold bosons. We show that strong inter-particle repulsion inevitably leads to multi-hump fragmentation of the ground state. The fragmentation phenomenon is universal -- it takes place in traps of different dimensionality and topologies and for very broad classes of repulsive inter-particle potentials. The physics behind is identified and explained.
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