Thursday, July 4, 2013

1307.0948 (A. M. Martins)

Invariance of reduced density matrices under Local Unitary operations    [PDF]

A. M. Martins
We derive necessary and sufficient conditions for local unitary (LU) operators to leave invariant the set of 1-qubit reduced density matrices of a multi-qubit state. LU operators with this property are tensor products of {\it cyclic local} operators, and form a subgroup, the centralizer subgroup of the set of reduced states, of the Lie group $SU(2)^{\otimes n}$. The dimension of this subgroup depends on the type of reduced density matrices. It is maximum when all reduced states are maximally mixed and it is minimum when none of them is maximally mixed. For any given multi-qubit state, pure or mixed, we compute the LU operators that fix the corresponding reduced density matrices and determine the equivalence class of the given state.
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